OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Chile 2014

image of OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Chile 2014

This report looks at rural policy in Chile, examining the main trends in rural regions, policies and governance arrangements. It highlights the need to establish a national rural policy framework in Chile, in order to better coordinate the wide range of national policies and programmes currently targeting rural areas. It also investigates the evolving role of "rural" in development, highlighting the need to design rural policies in a strategic way so that complementarities with urban policy can be realised as the country develops.


Assessment and recommendations

In recent decades Chile has experienced significant economic growth as a result of democratic reforms and opening the economy to global markets. Much of this economic growth has come from the ability to capture foreign markets by the natural resource firms of Chile and by first stage processors of these resources. These essentially rural industries support urban development and efforts by government to improve social conditions for Chileans. However, the ability of government to assure additional growth in primary industries and to provide a better quality of life in all parts of the national territory is impeded by the lack of a comprehensive national rural development policy.


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