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OECD Regions at a Glance 2013

image of OECD Regions at a Glance 2013

This fifth edition of OECD Regions at a Glance shows how regions and cities contribute to national growth and the well-being of societies.It updates its regular set of region-by-region indicators, examining a wide range of policies and trends and identifying those regions that are outperforming or lagging behind in their country. The report covers all 34 OECD member countries, and, where data are available, Brazil, China,Colombia, India, the Russian Federation and South Africa.

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Air quality in regions

Air quality has a major impact on health, the environment, and the overall well-being of people. Two indicators are used to monitor air quality: Concentrations of fine particles in the air (particulate matter PM), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). Both are considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) as major air pollutants with significant negative effects on respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Recent PM10 data for Europe show that across Eastern European countries, as well as Belgium, Greece, the Netherlands and Italy, a large share of population is exposed to elevated values of parti-culate matter above an annual average concentration of 20 μg/3. According to the WHO guidelines, the risk of adverse effects on health is very high above this threshold of annual average exposure ().

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