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OECD Regions at a Glance 2011

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OECD Regions at a Glance is the one-stop guide for understanding regional competitiveness and performance, providing comparative statistical information at the sub-national level, graphs and maps. It identifies new ways that regions can increase their capacity to exploit local factors, mobilise resources and link with other regions. Measuring such factors as education levels, employment opportunities and intensity of knowledge-based activities, this publication offers a statistical snapshot of how life is lived – and can be improved – from region to region in the OECD area. 

This fourth edition of OECD Regions at a Glance showcases the contribution of regions to stronger, fairer and cleaner economies, drawing on both the latest comparable data and past trends across regions in OECD countries. It highlights the persistence of regional disparities, underscores unused resources that can be mobilised to maximise regions’ competitive edge, and shows the common characteristics of performing regions. The report includes data on the four newest OECD member countries: Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia. Where available, data on Brazil, China, India, the Russian Federation and South Africa are also included. This publication provides a dynamic link (StatLink) for each graph and map, which directs the user to a web page where the corresponding data are available in Excel®.

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Skilled immigration in OECD regions

International migration is an important factor that contributes to demographic and human capital changes in many OECD regions. Information on the skill composition of migrants is important to understand its effects on local labour markets. Moreover, there is evidence that highly skilled migrants bring higher productivity, entrepreneurial assets and trading opportunities to host regions. The past decade has seen a substantial increase in the employment of immigrants with tertiary educational attainment, partly as a result of changes in migration policies to favour admission of highly qualified workers. Regional differences in the distribution of highly skilled foreign-born individuals across regions are particularly marked in Mexico, the United States, Spain, Canada and Germany (Figure 10.1). In Canada, the population of foreign-born individuals is on average highly educated. The result for Canada is partly explained by the large weight given to formal education in their immigration policies. Despite the large increases in recent inflows of low-skilled migrants from South America, Spanish regions have on average a similar proportion of highly skilled people compared to other Southern European countries such Italy and Portugal.

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