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OECD Regions at a Glance 2009

image of OECD Regions at a Glance 2009
Well over one-third of the total economic output of OECD countries was generated by just 10% of OECD regions in 2005. This means the performance of regional economies and the effectiveness of regional policy matter more than ever. OECD Regions at a Glance is the one-stop guide for understanding regional competitiveness and performance, providing comparative statistical information at the sub-national level, graphs and maps. It identifies new ways that regions can increase their capacity to exploit local factors, mobilise resources and link with other regions. Measuring such factors as education levels, employment opportunities and intensity of knowledge-based activities, this publication offers a statistical snapshot of how life is lived – and can be improved – from region to region in the OECD area.

This third edition provides the latest comparable data and trends across regions in OECD countries, including a special focus on the spatial dimension for innovation. It relies on the OECD Regional database, the most comprehensive set of statistics at the sub-national level on demography, economic and labour market performance, education, healthcare, environmental outputs and knowledge-based activities comparable among the OECD countries. This publication provides a dynamic link (StatLink) for each graph and map, which directs the user to a web page where the corresponding data are available in Excel®.

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Geographic concentration of GDP

Economic activity is unevenly distributed among regions within OECD countries. In 2005, 10% of OECD regions generated 38% of the total gross domestic product (GDP). In Turkey, Greece and Portugal the 10% of regions with the highest output contributed half or more of the national GDP. On the other hand, GDP in Belgium, the Slovak Republic, Denmark and the Netherlands was more evenly distributed among regions, with the regions with the highest output (regions in the top 10%) accounted for no more than a quarter of total GDP (Figure 13.1). 

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