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OECD Regions at a Glance 2007

image of OECD Regions at a Glance 2007
Just 10% of regions accounted for more than half of total employment creation in most OECD countries between 1998 and 2003. This means that national growth tends to be driven by the dynamism of a small number of regions. Policy makers need sound statistical information on the source of regional competitiveness, but such information is not always available. Sub-national data are limited and regional indicators are difficult to compare between countries. OECD Regions at a Glance aims to fill this gap by analysing and comparing major territorial patterns and regional trends across OECD countries. It assesses the impact of regions on national growth. It identifies unused resources that can be mobilised to improve regional competitiveness. And it tackles more intangible factors that can make the difference: it shows how regions compete in terms of well-being (access to higher education, health services, safety etc.). Regions at a Glance presents over 30 indicators in a reader-friendly format. Each indicator is illustrated by graphs and maps. A dynamic link (StatLink) is provided for each graph and map, which directs the user to a web page where the corresponding data are available in Excel®.

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Environment: municipal waste

Waste has an economic impact because waste disposal represents a significant cost for local authorities. It also has an environmental impact because waste is usually buried in landfills or burned in incinerators, often resulting in groundwater pollution, poor air quality and other forms of environmental degradation. Waste also has a social impact related to the location of waste disposal facilities. Concerns include odours, increased traffic and potential health risks. Anecdotal evidence indicates that poor and minority communities may be burdened with more than their fair share of waste disposal facilities.

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