OECD Regional Outlook 2016

Productive Regions for Inclusive Societies

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Regions and cities are where the effects of policies to promote economic growth and social inclusion are felt in day-to-day life. The OECD Regional Outlook 2016 examines the widening productivity gap across regions within countries, and the implications of these trends for the well-being of people living in different places. It discusses how structural policies, public investment and multi-level governance reforms can help boost productivity and address inclusion. Drawing on a survey of OECD countries, the Outlook  highlights country practices in regional, urban, and rural development policy that guide public investment. The Special Focus Part II on rural areas looks at different types of rural area and their productivity performance trends, and suggests that countries move towards a “Rural Policy 3.0”. The Policy Forum on Regions and Cities: Implementing Global Agendas includes chapters by many leading global organisations on how regions and cities can be instrumental in achieving the targets of agreements such as the Paris Accord and the Sustainable Development Goals.  Individual country profiles provide an overview of regional, urban and rural development policies as well as performance in terms of productivity and well-being among different regions.

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Response to the Paris Climate Accord: Scaling up green projects from a bottom-up perspective

The Paris Accord and the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) call for a massive scaling up of green projects. However, such infrastructure investments are not achievable without private financing. Over the last few years, R20 Regions of Climate Action has been working to address this gap by collaborating with the regional and local decision makers, technology companies and investors to develop bankable projects in different areas of the green economy from energy generation to waste management. This chapter highlights several programmes and financial instruments, including novel pre-investment facilities (PIF), being used to implement projects worldwide in support of these new global targets.

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