OECD Regional Outlook 2014

Regions and Cities: Where Policies and People Meet

image of OECD Regional Outlook 2014

Regions and cities are on the front lines of many challenges faced by OECD countries today, from education and jobs to health care and quality of life. Getting regions and cities “right”, adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work,  is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. This second edition of the OECD Regional Outlook aims to help countries do just that. Part I describes the main trends and challenges today. Part II has a special focus on cities, looking at public investment, urban framework policies, and rural-urban issues. Part III presents a Policy Forum on the future of cities, with five contributions from distinguished authors and policy makers. Part IV offers profiles of regional development in all 34 OECD countries.

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Urbanisation and economic development in Asia

This chapter challenges some of the conventional wisdom concerning urbanisation in the world’s largest and most populous continent, Asia. It argues that recent projections have exaggerated the likely pace of urbanisation in much of Asia and that it is likely to be rapid over the next decades only in less urbanised and less developed countries. The relatively developed and larger countries in the continent are likely to limit migration in order to have more orderly urbanisation and create well-governed cities. The chapter suggests that these overly ambitious projections have had policy implications for some countries, particularly those trying actively to inhibit rural-to-urban migration. It further argues that the much-discussed link between urbanisation and income is more complex than is often supposed and that it depends to a significant extent on a country’s level of development.

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