OECD Regional Outlook 2014

Regions and Cities: Where Policies and People Meet

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Regions and cities are on the front lines of many challenges faced by OECD countries today, from education and jobs to health care and quality of life. Getting regions and cities “right”, adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work,  is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. This second edition of the OECD Regional Outlook aims to help countries do just that. Part I describes the main trends and challenges today. Part II has a special focus on cities, looking at public investment, urban framework policies, and rural-urban issues. Part III presents a Policy Forum on the future of cities, with five contributions from distinguished authors and policy makers. Part IV offers profiles of regional development in all 34 OECD countries.

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Regional trends across the OECD

This chapter reviews recent trends in regional and city performance and their impact on inclusive growth. While many regions and cities are on the road to recovery, lingering traces of the crisis remain, in terms of jobs, economic growth and public finances. The crisis has also exacerbated inequality between people and places. Some common growth drivers and bottlenecks can be found across OECD regions, but only a place-based approach can fully do justice to a region’s geographical challenges and opportunities.

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