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OECD Regional Outlook 2014

Regions and Cities: Where Policies and People Meet

image of OECD Regional Outlook 2014

Regions and cities are on the front lines of many challenges faced by OECD countries today, from education and jobs to health care and quality of life. Getting regions and cities “right”, adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work,  is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. This second edition of the OECD Regional Outlook aims to help countries do just that. Part I describes the main trends and challenges today. Part II has a special focus on cities, looking at public investment, urban framework policies, and rural-urban issues. Part III presents a Policy Forum on the future of cities, with five contributions from distinguished authors and policy makers. Part IV offers profiles of regional development in all 34 OECD countries.

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Regional governance: Policies, institutional arrangements and municipal reforms

This chapter gives an overview of how regional development policies are managed by national governments. It considers some of the issues associated with both rural and urban development, including the increasing recognition of the importance of cities for regional development and the elements that help build a modern rural development policy. The chapter also addresses the importance of reforms modifying the size and responsibilities of different levels of sub-national government. Such reforms generally seek to reduce the number of local government bodies and are often associated with increases in their areas of responsibility.

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