OECD Regional Outlook 2014

Regions and Cities: Where Policies and People Meet

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Regions and cities are on the front lines of many challenges faced by OECD countries today, from education and jobs to health care and quality of life. Getting regions and cities “right”, adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work,  is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. This second edition of the OECD Regional Outlook aims to help countries do just that. Part I describes the main trends and challenges today. Part II has a special focus on cities, looking at public investment, urban framework policies, and rural-urban issues. Part III presents a Policy Forum on the future of cities, with five contributions from distinguished authors and policy makers. Part IV offers profiles of regional development in all 34 OECD countries.

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Creating transport corridors: Refreshing the places other transport hasn't reached

This paper explores the ways in which a number of places are starting to tackle a public transport challenge facing cities across the world. The main challenge is to extend efficient, effective public transport beyond the urban core into the peri-urban hinterlands of cities. Across the OECD there has been increasing discussion of the need to reduce reliance on private cars for a variety of reasons, above all environmental, and to increase reliance on public transport. This can be expensive in central cities, but it is relatively straightforward. Yet even where cities have been extremely successful in pursuing public transport-oriented development, the “peri-urban peripheries” beyond the termini of their public transport systems remain highly dependent on automobiles. As the paper shows, a growing number of cities across Europe and the Americas are using transport solutions like tram-trains and bus rapid transit, in conjunction with new approaches to economic development planning, to create public transport-oriented developments that extend deep into the hinterland of cities. This reduces the reliance on private cars in the places where they have hitherto been most prevalent.

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