Linking Indigenous Communities with Regional Development

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The 38 million Indigenous peoples living across 12 OECD countries contribute to stronger regional and national economies, and have unique assets and knowledge that address global challenges such as climate change. Supporting their economic inclusion at local and regional levels is essential to achieving the promise of the Sustainable Development Goals to “leave no-one behind” and overcoming the significant gaps in well-being that continue to exist between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, notably in rural areas. This report provides recommendations to achieve vibrant local and regional Indigenous economies that deliver on their objectives for development by: improving Indigenous statistics and data governance; enabling policies for entrepreneurship and small business; providing instruments to mobilise land for development; and implementing effective and inclusive governance to support a place-based approach.


Indigenous lands: Recognition, management and development

The objective of this chapter is to assess and identify the key features of governance that enable Indigenous communities to realise the development potential of land and water resources, supporting self-determination. The chapter begins with a discussion about Indigenous rights to land, the recognition and enforcement of these rights, and the legal frameworks that shape options for land management. The second section discusses the different tools that give Indigenous peoples the capacity to manage land, participate in or undertake land use planning, establish objectives for community development and obtain revenues from land. The third section of the chapter focuses on how Indigenous peoples participate in different phases of project development, and can negotiating benefits with investors to create sustainable business and employment opportunities.


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