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Linking Indigenous Communities with Regional Development

image of Linking Indigenous Communities with Regional Development

The 38 million Indigenous peoples living across 12 OECD countries contribute to stronger regional and national economies, and have unique assets and knowledge that address global challenges such as climate change. Supporting their economic inclusion at local and regional levels is essential to achieving the promise of the Sustainable Development Goals to “leave no-one behind” and overcoming the significant gaps in well-being that continue to exist between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, notably in rural areas. This report provides recommendations to achieve vibrant local and regional Indigenous economies that deliver on their objectives for development by: improving Indigenous statistics and data governance; enabling policies for entrepreneurship and small business; providing instruments to mobilise land for development; and implementing effective and inclusive governance to support a place-based approach.

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Promoting Indigenous entrepreneurship and small business development in partnership with Indigenous communities

The objective of this chapter is to identify lessons and leading practices related to promoting Indigenous entrepreneurship and small business in partnership with Indigenous communities. The chapter begins by defining Indigenous entrepreneurship and developing a profile of Indigenous businesses across different OECD member countries. Indigenous businesses are then located in a spatial context. Four types of Indigenous rural economies are identified based on their proximity to cities and access to natural resources and amenities. The chapter then discuss policy measures to improve the enabling environment for Indigenous entrepreneurship at a regional level. Within the framework of a place-based approach three complementary policy objectives are identified: i) increasing access to finance; ii) building business capabilities; and iii) improving market access through preferential procurement policies.

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