Linking Indigenous Communities with Regional Development in Canada

image of Linking Indigenous Communities with Regional Development in Canada

Canada’s Constitution Act (1982) recognises three Indigenous groups: Indians (now referred to as First Nations), Inuit, and Métis. Indigenous peoples make a vital contribution to the culture, heritage and economic development of Canada. Despite improvements in Indigenous well-being in recent decades, significant gaps remain with the non-Indigenous population. This study focuses on four priority issues to maximise the potential of Indigenous economies in Canada. First, improving the quality of the statistical framework and the inclusion of Indigenous peoples in the governance of data. Second, measures to improve the fairness and transparency for how Indigenous peoples can secure land tenure and the use of tools and such as land use planning to use it to promote community economic development. Third, promoting entrepreneurship so Indigenous peoples can use assets and resources in ways that align with their objectives for development. Fourth, implementing an approach to governance that adapts policies to places, and empowers Indigenous institutions and communities.



Enabling rural Indigenous entrepreneurship

The objective of this chapter is to assess and provide recommendations to improve the policy framework for Indigenous entrepreneurship, particularly in rural areas. The chapter begins by discussing the framework conditions for Indigenous entrepreneurship with a focus on rural areas, the unique aspects of Indigenous entrepreneurship and the rights framework and regulatory environment specific to the Indian Act. Areas of competitive advantages and opportunities for Indigenous entrepreneurship are then identified. Third, the chapter assesses the main government policies at the federal and provincial levels that support Indigenous entrepreneurship and the main Indigenous organisations that are involved delivering services and providing strategic advice. The chapter ends by examining some of the key policy levers that can support Indigenous entrepreneurship.


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