Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.


United States

The United States is a federal country with 4 levels of government; the national level, 50 federated states, 3 031 governments at an intermediate level (e.g. counties) and 35 879 local authorities (not including special purpose entities such as school districts). Generally, decisions concerning land use are highly decentralised. Constitutionally, landuse planning is among the powers retained by the states, but all states delegate large parts of their authority to local governments through state constitutions and statutes.


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