Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.




Turkey is a unitary state with 3e levels of government; the national level, 81 provinces and 1 397 municipalities. The national government is responsible for the framework legislation defining the spatial planning system of the country and for funding major infrastructure decisions. It is also responsible for the preparation of all national plans and regional plans and approves Municipal Master Plans. Within the national government, responsibilities are divided between the Ministry of Development and its subordinate Regional Development Agencies and the Ministry of the Environment and Urban Planning. Whereas the former is responsible for regional development strategies and their spatial dimensions, the latter is responsible for land-use plans and the National Spatial Development Plan that is currently under preparation.


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