Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.



Sweden is a unitary country with 3 levels of government; the national level, 21 counties and 290 municipalities. The national government has several instruments to affect land-use planning. As in most unitary OECD countries, it is responsible for the framework legislation that defines the system of land-use planning and provides the guidelines that municipalities have to follow in their plan-making process. It also defines the building code and designates areas that are strictly protected from development for nature or heritage protection. Furthermore, it exercises control of sectoral policies that affect land use through its state bodies, such as the Swedish Transport Agency, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Swedish Energy Agency.


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