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Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.

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Spain

Spain is defined by the OECD as a quasi-federal state with 4 levels of government; the national government, 17 autonomous communities, 50 provinces and 8 119 municipalities. The division of powers regarding land-use policy is specified in the constitution and in other national legislation. The constitution assigns responsibility for spatial planning to the autonomous communities, but the national government prepares framework legislation that guides regional laws. Furthermore, the national government has important powers in policy fields related to spatial planning. It can impose environmental legislation and related legislation that affects the possibilities to develop land. It also prepares a sectoral plan for national infrastructure, for example related to transport and energy. However, according to a decision of the constitutional court, it has no authority to prepare a general national spatial plan.

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