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Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.

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Slovak Republic

The Slovak Republic is a unitary state with three levels of government. It has 8 regional and 2 926 municipal governments. The national government is primarily involved in land-use policy through the Ministry for Transport, Construction and Regional Development. The ministry guides lower level planning processes and ascertains that planning documents correspond to the legal requirements. It also procures the Slovak Spatial Development Perspective that forms the national spatial development strategy and allocates funding for major infrastructure projects. Besides the Ministry for Transport, Construction and Regional Development, the Ministry of the Environment plays an important role in land-use policies, as it declares environmental protection areas, issues exemptions to environmental regulations and decides on appeals against decisions by regional environmental authorities.

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