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Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.

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Portugal

Portugal is a unitary state with two levels of government; the national level and 308 municipalities. Furthermore, two autonomous regions exist (the islands of the Azores and of Madeira). The national government has four distinct functions related to land-use policies. First, it provides the legal framework that regulates planning at the national, regional and local level. Second, it defines national and sectoral strategic policies aimed at integrated, cohesive and sustainable territorial development of the country. Third, it allocates national and EU funds to specific territories and projects. With respect to spatial planning, funds for transport infrastructure have been especially important.

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