Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.




Norway is a unitary state with three levels of government; the national level, 19 counties and 428 municipalities. The national government has few direct responsibilities related to land-use planning. Primarily, it creates the framework laws and policy documents that structure spatial planning. Norway has a comprehensive planning system in which spatial planning and sectoral planning is done in parallel. The Ministry of Local Affairs and Modernisation is the national planning authority. It is not directly involved in the actual planning process except in rare cases in which the national government takes over municipal planning. The Ministry of Climate and Environment designate protected areas according to the biodiversity act.


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