Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.




Hungary is a unitary state with two levels of subnational government; 19 counties and the capital region of Budapest constitute the regional level and 3 178 municipalities form the local level. The national government has several responsibilities related to spatial planning. First, it prepares the national framework legislation that structures planning at the national and subnational level. Second, it enacts the National Spatial Plan, the two existing Spatial Plans for Special Regions and Cross-border Spatial Plans. Third, it uses financial instruments and allocates its budget to shape the spatial structure of the country. Fourth, it provides opinions on regional and local spatial plans and approves them with respect to their congruence with higher level spatial plans. This task is delegated to the State Chief Architects within the regional Government Offices, i.e. the deconcentrated parts of the national administration.


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error