Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.




In the complex system of spatial planning in the country, the national government has by far the most important responsibilities. It is in charge of the framework laws on regional and urban planning, environmental protection and regional development. In addition to all laws concerning these fields, it also enacts all by-laws concerning the planning process. More unusually, the national government also approves almost all of the large number of spatial plans in the country. Of the 25 different types of spatial plans that exist, 22 are approved by the national government, out of which 47 are jointly approved with the decentralised administrations.


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