Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.




Denmark has three levels of government: the national government, 5 regional governments and 98 local governments. On the national level, the Ministry for Business and Growth prepares a national planning report after each parliamentary election. The report presents the government’s long-term considerations on the spatial development in Denmark and provides overall guidelines for spatial planning in Denmark. Furthermore, the ministry is responsible for safeguarding national interests in physical planning and releases a report on National Interests in Municipal Planning (every four years). The ministry also provides a national planning directive for overall planning in the greater Copenhagen metropolitan area. More generally, it has the power to issue national planning directives related to areas that are of importance for the broader society, such as infrastructure construction. Lastly, the ministry can establish special rules for the planning of certain activities, such as the construction of wind turbines.


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