Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.



Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a unitary state with 3 levels of government: the national level, 14 regions and 6 258 municipalities. The planning system integrates other important policy fields related to land use such as environmental policy, agricultural policy and transport infrastructure. The national government, through its Ministry for Regional Development, is responsible for the legislative framework that defines the planning system. The Ministry for Regional Development supervises the planning of other levels of government and keeps records of their activities. Furthermore, it is responsible for the preparation of the Spatial Development Policy which guides lower level planning. The national government also prepares Regulatory Plans in areas under military control.


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