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Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

Country Fact Sheets

image of Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD

This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.

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Chile

Chile is a unitary country with 3 levels of government; the national government, 15 regions and 345 municipalities. The national government is directly and indirectly involved in land-use policy. The Ministry of Housing and Urbanism formulates the National Urban Development Policy (in accordance with the General Law on Urbanism and Construction and the General Ordinance of Urbanism and Construction) which guides planning by lower levels of government. The Ministry of Public Works plans infrastructure construction (main roads, airports, ports and water related infrastructure) and co-ordinates infrastructure planning with urban planning. Several other ministries assign areas of special relevance for tourism and environmental protection, which are subject to specific regulations. Furthermore, the Ministry of Housing and Urbanism – through its regional secretaries – is also responsible for formulating Regional Plans for Urban Development, Inter-municipal Land Use Plans and the Local Land Use Plans which are subsequently approved by regional governments.

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