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Green Growth in Hai Phong, Viet Nam

image of Green Growth in Hai Phong, Viet Nam

This report examines the green growth potential and identifies best practices for policy and governance as well as ways to strengthen current practices. As the third largest city in Vietnam, Hai Phong’s economy is growing remarkably at an average rate of 8.7% (2015) in tandem with the growth of the Hai Phong Port. Economic growth and urbanisation, however, have posed serious environmental challenges, including: increased greenhouse gas emissions from industry and transport; rapid depletion of underground water sources; pollution of water sources from untreated commercial, medical, domestic and agricultural waste water; and inefficient waste management, where less than 10% of domestic waste is composted and recyclable materials are mixed with other waste and landfilled. Furthermore, Hai Phong ranks among the 20 cities most vulnerable to costal flooding due to climate change. Nevertheless, there is much untapped potential for green growth in Viet Nam and Hai Phong city. The ultimate goal is to build a stronger, more resilient and greener city.

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Economic and environmental performance in Hai Phong

Chapter 1 examines the economic and environmental performance of the Hai Phong metropolitan region. After the introductory section, the second section, on the socio-economic profile of the metropolitan area, explains how urbanisation has affected economic activity, poverty, social equity and living conditions. It includes an assessment of: i) demographic changes, ii) economic performance and diversity and iii) long-term challenges for growth. The third section addresses environmental challenges and the potential for green growth. It analyses the environmental performance of the city and suggests opportunities for green growth. It includes an assessment of: i) energy performance, ii) transport and landuse trends, iii) challenges on water supply and wastewater treatment and solid waste management systems, and iv) the risk of floods. The last section analyses the local government system in Viet Nam and the institutional profile of the metropolitan area.

English

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