OECD Regional Development Working Papers

Working papers from the Regional Development Policy Division of the OECD cover a full range of topics including regional statistics and analysis, urban governance and economics, rural governance and economics, and multi-level governance. Depending on the programme of work, the papers can cover specific topics such as regional innovation and networks, the determinants of regional growth or fiscal consolidation at the sub-national level.


Governing together

An international review of contracts across levels of government for regional development

Contracts are a key tool for vertical co-ordination, enabling dialogue and capacity building across levels of government. They are frequently used for regional development policy in OECD and non-OECD countries. Drawing on contract theory and a variety of national experiences, this paper identifies three main types of contracts between central and subnational governments according to their objectives: i) empowerment; ii) delegation; and iii) policy-sharing contracts. The differentiation of contracts depending on their objective is based on two key factors: the maturity of decentralisation and the capacity of national and subnational governments. It is expected that with the development of subnational /central government capacities (or both), and with the increasing maturity of decentralisation, contracts can shift from one type to another. The paper concludes by suggesting enforcement mechanisms for more effective contracts across levels of government.


Keywords: enforcement, contracts, regional development, multi-level governance, contract theory
JEL: H7: Public Economics / State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations; K12: Law and Economics / Basic Areas of Law / Contract Law; H5: Public Economics / National Government Expenditures and Related Policies; R1: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / General Regional Economics; R5: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics / Regional Government Analysis
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error