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Divided Cities

Understanding Intra-urban Inequalities

image of Divided Cities

This report provides an assessment of spatial inequalities and segregation in cities and metropolitan areas from multiple perspectives. The chapters in the report focus on a subset of OECD countries and non-member economies, and provide new insights on cross-cutting issues for city neighbourhooods, such as the patterns of segregation across income groups, migrant concentration and diversity across cities of different sizes, the role of public transport accessibility in widening intra-city inequalities, and the expected path dependency on outcomes related to segregation. The report also discusses methodological alternatives for measuring different dimensions of inequality and segregation across cities, and highlights the role of public policies in bridging urban divides and the relevance of the scale of analysis in order to make sound international comparisons.

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Spatial segregation of migrants in EU cities

This chapter provides a broad comparison of residential distribution and segregation of immigrants in Europe, covering around 45 000 local administrative units in 8 EU member states (France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom). The analysis is based on a map of immigrant population with an unprecedented spatial resolution (i.e. cells) of 100 m by 100 m. Having discussed the importance of the local dimension for migrants’ integration, the chapter then describes the method developed to create maps and presents empirical results on, respectively, the concentration, diversity and segregation indexes across cities of destination and countries of origin. The penultimate section presents the results on possible drivers of the observed segregation indexes. The last section concludes summing up the main results and outlining possible future avenues of research.

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