Competitive Regional Clusters

National Policy Approaches

image of Competitive Regional Clusters

In today’s globalising world, the regional specialisations built up over decades are transforming rapidly. Many regions that were historically production centres in a given sector are losing out to lower-cost locations and reorienting to higher value-added niches.  National programmes to promote cluster-based approaches -- linking firms, people and knowledge at a regional level -- are being used to meet the challenge. This report analyses the objectives, targeting, instruments and inter-governmental role sharing used by 26 programmes in 14 OECD countries. It will be of interest to policy makers, researchers, firms and others active in promoting innovation and competitiveness.

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Who Does What? Governance

As policies to support clusters are coming from many different levels of government, this chapter explores the issue of governance. It reviews the different strategies used by national level governments to co-ordinate across different ministries and agencies. It then analyses the different strategies used in the articulation of national versus regional roles for supporting clusters. The strategies used to develop policy coherence across levels of government are considered. Finally, it identifies strategies that have been successful in ensuring private sector engagement in such programmes.

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