Competitive Regional Clusters

National Policy Approaches

image of Competitive Regional Clusters

In today’s globalising world, the regional specialisations built up over decades are transforming rapidly. Many regions that were historically production centres in a given sector are losing out to lower-cost locations and reorienting to higher value-added niches.  National programmes to promote cluster-based approaches -- linking firms, people and knowledge at a regional level -- are being used to meet the challenge. This report analyses the objectives, targeting, instruments and inter-governmental role sharing used by 26 programmes in 14 OECD countries. It will be of interest to policy makers, researchers, firms and others active in promoting innovation and competitiveness.

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What Instruments Do They Use and How?

This chapter highlights the different instruments used in the cluster-based programmes across OECD countries. It first reviews the categories of instruments frequently used, notably to engage actors, provide collective services and/or promote collaborative research. It then discusses issues of programme duration and funding. Finally it concludes with examples of effective synergies and linkages across programmes to serve the wide variety of cluster types.

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