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Competitive Regional Clusters

National Policy Approaches

image of Competitive Regional Clusters

In today’s globalising world, the regional specialisations built up over decades are transforming rapidly. Many regions that were historically production centres in a given sector are losing out to lower-cost locations and reorienting to higher value-added niches.  National programmes to promote cluster-based approaches -- linking firms, people and knowledge at a regional level -- are being used to meet the challenge. This report analyses the objectives, targeting, instruments and inter-governmental role sharing used by 26 programmes in 14 OECD countries. It will be of interest to policy makers, researchers, firms and others active in promoting innovation and competitiveness.

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What Have We Learned?

This chapter explores one of the most challenging aspects of clusterbased policies, evaluating their effectiveness. First it addresses the question of what should be evaluated, as the answer to this question varies by stakeholder needs. Second, it reviews many of the lessons learned from the different programmes studied in OECD countries. Finally, it highlights the areas for future research.

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