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Competitive Regional Clusters

National Policy Approaches

image of Competitive Regional Clusters

In today’s globalising world, the regional specialisations built up over decades are transforming rapidly. Many regions that were historically production centres in a given sector are losing out to lower-cost locations and reorienting to higher value-added niches.  National programmes to promote cluster-based approaches -- linking firms, people and knowledge at a regional level -- are being used to meet the challenge. This report analyses the objectives, targeting, instruments and inter-governmental role sharing used by 26 programmes in 14 OECD countries. It will be of interest to policy makers, researchers, firms and others active in promoting innovation and competitiveness.

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Norway

This case study reviews two complementary cluster programmes in Norway. The Arena programme supports innovative networks to strengthen the interaction between the business sector, knowledge providers and the public sector using a flexible approach with respect to sector, region and cluster development stage. The Norwegian Centres of Expertise programme seeks to initiate and enhance co-operative innovation and internationalisation processes in a limited number of clusters of national significance with potential for innovation-led growth.

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