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Competitive Regional Clusters

National Policy Approaches

image of Competitive Regional Clusters

In today’s globalising world, the regional specialisations built up over decades are transforming rapidly. Many regions that were historically production centres in a given sector are losing out to lower-cost locations and reorienting to higher value-added niches.  National programmes to promote cluster-based approaches -- linking firms, people and knowledge at a regional level -- are being used to meet the challenge. This report analyses the objectives, targeting, instruments and inter-governmental role sharing used by 26 programmes in 14 OECD countries. It will be of interest to policy makers, researchers, firms and others active in promoting innovation and competitiveness.

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How Do Programmes Pick Participants?

This chapter discusses the important steps in policy design for selecting programme participants. First it explores the policy targets since that choice needs to map to the underlying problem the policy seeks to solve. It then reviews the different methods of identifying the potential targets, which may be quantitative or qualitative or a combination of the two. Finally, it analyses the different selection mechanisms used by the programmes and the appropriateness of those methods relative to the policy’s goals and targets.

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