Compact City Policies: Korea

Towards Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

image of Compact City Policies: Korea

This report examines Korea's urban policies and offers customised policy recommendations based on the OECD publication, Compact City Policies (2012). Some Korean policies, such as urban regeneration, new town development or multi-modal transfering centers, have implicitly implemented compact city polices to a certain degree. However, there are still issues - including urban sprawl, unbalanced socio-economic levels and environmental challenges - which can be threats to urban competitiveness. An appropriate set of compact city polices, such as environmental friendly urban regeneration, mixed land use, polices to offset the side effects of compact development, strong management of transport demands, and governance enforcement, can accelerate Korean cities' sustainable development.


Korean cities from the perspective of the compact city

This chapter examines urban dynamics in Korean cities through the perspective of urban form before providing policy suggestions based on compact city policies. The first part addresses the key urban challenges, such as economic, social-demographic and environmental challenges. The second part introduces compact city as an urban form to cope with the challenges and explains how to measure urban forms. The third part assesses the compactness of Korean cities in terms of land-use patterns, transport networks and socio-economic networks.


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