Compact City Policies: Korea

Towards Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

image of Compact City Policies: Korea

This report examines Korea's urban policies and offers customised policy recommendations based on the OECD publication, Compact City Policies (2012). Some Korean policies, such as urban regeneration, new town development or multi-modal transfering centers, have implicitly implemented compact city polices to a certain degree. However, there are still issues - including urban sprawl, unbalanced socio-economic levels and environmental challenges - which can be threats to urban competitiveness. An appropriate set of compact city polices, such as environmental friendly urban regeneration, mixed land use, polices to offset the side effects of compact development, strong management of transport demands, and governance enforcement, can accelerate Korean cities' sustainable development.


Compact city policy in Korea

This chapter diagnoses the current Korean policies and makes recommendations for further improvement. The first part reviews Korean urban policies in view of compact city policies. Compact city policies have been imbedded implicitly to a certain degree in several urban development policies or projects such as urban regeneration, new town development, the establishment of multi-modal transfer centres, greenbelt zoning and happy/bogeunjari housings. The second part produces policy recommendations based on the policy review from the first part of the chapter. The recommendations are categorised into five themes: i) establishing a national policy framework based on the concept of the compact city; ii) regenerating urban centres to avoid further urban expansion; iii) enhancing the attractiveness of cities through mixed land use; iv) integrating land-use policy with transport policy through transit-oriented development strategies; and v) improving multi-level governance to achieve the goals of compact cities.


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