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Building Resilient Cities

An Assessment of Disaster Risk Management Policies in Southeast Asia

image of Building Resilient Cities

Asian cities are particularly vulnerable to risks associated with natural disasters. While they are exposed to various types of natural hazards, flooding and other water-related disasters pose particularly significant risks and undermine long-term economic growth, especially in coastal cities. Managing such natural disaster risks is an essential component of urban policies in fast-growing Southeast Asian cities, especially as the impacts of climate change worsen.

In addition to providing a framework for assessing disaster risk management policies in cities, this report also presents the results of assessment and locally tailored policy recommendations in five cities of different institutional, geographic, socio-economic and environmental contexts in Southeast Asia. They include Bandung (Indonesia), Bangkok (Thailand), Cebu (Philippines), Hai Phong (Viet Nam) and Iskandar (Malaysia). The study highlights that Southeast Asian cities are largely underprepared for natural disaster risks.

Through an assessment of disaster risk management (DRM) policies at national and subnational levels, the study aims to enhance urban resilience by: i) identifying policy challenges related to DRM ; ii) assessing the impacts of current DRM policy practices; and iii) proposing more efficient and effective policy options to enhance urban resilience.

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Hai Phong, Viet Nam

Chapter 6 examines the threat of natural hazards to Hai Phong, Viet Nam, and how the government can build greater resilience to them. The chapter is divided into three sections. The first section examines the “natural hazards” that pose the greatest risk to Hai Phong. It identifies and presents the risks which require the most urgent adaptation and mitigation actions. The second section assesses key policies and activities that are currently being implemented in Hai Phong to increase the city’s resilience. It also proposes strategies and recommendations using the “systems thinking” approach that can be applied to increase the resilience of critical urban services and functions before, during, and after disasters.The third section focuses on governance and analyses a number of public engagement and communication issues making important recommendations in that regard. The policy assessment particularly focuses on Hai Phong Port.This chapter draws on the key findings of the OECD study “Green Growth in Hai Phong, Viet Nam” (OECD, 2016). It has also benefited from discussions held during the fourth Knowledge-Sharing Workshop ‘Green Growth in Port Cities’ in Hai Phong (24-25 June, 2015).

English

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