Building Resilient Cities

An Assessment of Disaster Risk Management Policies in Southeast Asia

image of Building Resilient Cities

Asian cities are particularly vulnerable to risks associated with natural disasters. While they are exposed to various types of natural hazards, flooding and other water-related disasters pose particularly significant risks and undermine long-term economic growth, especially in coastal cities. Managing such natural disaster risks is an essential component of urban policies in fast-growing Southeast Asian cities, especially as the impacts of climate change worsen.

In addition to providing a framework for assessing disaster risk management policies in cities, this report also presents the results of assessment and locally tailored policy recommendations in five cities of different institutional, geographic, socio-economic and environmental contexts in Southeast Asia. They include Bandung (Indonesia), Bangkok (Thailand), Cebu (Philippines), Hai Phong (Viet Nam) and Iskandar (Malaysia). The study highlights that Southeast Asian cities are largely underprepared for natural disaster risks.

Through an assessment of disaster risk management (DRM) policies at national and subnational levels, the study aims to enhance urban resilience by: i) identifying policy challenges related to DRM ; ii) assessing the impacts of current DRM policy practices; and iii) proposing more efficient and effective policy options to enhance urban resilience.



Bangkok, Thailand

Chapter 4 examines the resilience of the Bangkok Metropolitan Region (BMR) to floods, which occur during the rainy season. It is critical to address this risk to ensure sustained and cost-effective urban green growth while adapting to the impacts of climate change, because precipitation and flooding affecting the region will likely increase in the future. This chapter consists of three sections: 1) the natural disasters that pose the greatest risk in the BMR are identified; 2) the current state of DRM policy in the BMR is assessed; and 3) co-ordination and governance mechanisms between government entities and other stakeholders are discussed. In particular, the chapter analyses four critical elements for enhancing DRM to floods:1) Flood-resilient urban infrastructure in the BMR;2) Flood-resilient land use in the BMR;3) The BMR’s economic resilience to floods; and4) The BMR’s social resilience to floods.This chapter draws on the key findings of the OECD study “Green Growth in Bangkok, Thailand” (OECD, 2015). It also benefited from discussions at the Knowledge-Sharing Workshop on Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia, held in Bangkok on 6‑7 August 2014, which was supported by the OECD Knowledge Sharing Alliance.


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