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Building Resilient Cities

An Assessment of Disaster Risk Management Policies in Southeast Asia

image of Building Resilient Cities

Asian cities are particularly vulnerable to risks associated with natural disasters. While they are exposed to various types of natural hazards, flooding and other water-related disasters pose particularly significant risks and undermine long-term economic growth, especially in coastal cities. Managing such natural disaster risks is an essential component of urban policies in fast-growing Southeast Asian cities, especially as the impacts of climate change worsen.

In addition to providing a framework for assessing disaster risk management policies in cities, this report also presents the results of assessment and locally tailored policy recommendations in five cities of different institutional, geographic, socio-economic and environmental contexts in Southeast Asia. They include Bandung (Indonesia), Bangkok (Thailand), Cebu (Philippines), Hai Phong (Viet Nam) and Iskandar (Malaysia). The study highlights that Southeast Asian cities are largely underprepared for natural disaster risks.

Through an assessment of disaster risk management (DRM) policies at national and subnational levels, the study aims to enhance urban resilience by: i) identifying policy challenges related to DRM ; ii) assessing the impacts of current DRM policy practices; and iii) proposing more efficient and effective policy options to enhance urban resilience.

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Bandung, Indonesia

Chapter 3 examines the threat of natural disasters in Bandung, and how the city and metropolitan area can build greater resilience to them systematically and comprehensively through a variety of means. The chapter is divided into three sections: 1) the natural hazards that pose the greatest risk to Bandung are identified; 2) the current state of DRM policy in Bandung is assessed; and 3) co-ordination and governance mechanisms between government entities and other stakeholders are discussed. A focus is placed on the impacts of natural disasters and urban resilience policies on the most vulnerable segments of the local population. In addition, the chapter also stresses the need for broad support and full engagement of affected communities, civil society, and the private sector, with local political leadership.This chapter draws on the key findings of the OECD study “Green Growth in Bandung, Indonesia” (OECD, 2016). It also benefited from discussions held during the third Knowledge-Sharing Workshop ‘Smart Cities and Green Growth’ in Bandung (6 -7 May, 2015), and by independent research and discussions with subject matter experts in Indonesia, Asia, Europe, and the United States.

English

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