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Yearbook of the United Nations 2003

image of Yearbook of the United Nations 2003

This unique publication, the fifty-seventh volume of the Yearbook of the United Nations, chronicles all the major activities undertaken in the United Nations system in the year 2003. Some of the issues faced in that particularly challenging year include the rift in the Security Council over the use of force by a United States-led coalition against Iraq because of its alleged retention of banned weapons of mass destruction, the terrorist attack on the Organization’s headquarters in Baghdad, the establishment by the Secretary-General of the High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change, and the Security Council’s adoption of a declaration on combating terrorism.

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Africa

In 2003, Africa continued to be beset by conflicts Burundi’s Transitional Government witnessed and political dissension and the United Nations a peaceful transition of power at the level of remained involved in the search for solutions. head of State in 2003. The African Union (AU) Two regions in particular were the focus of UN attention-the Great Lakes area and West Africaand although some progress was achieved in peacemahng efforts, the conflicts raised tension and threatened to spread beyond national borders. During the year, the Security Council sent missions to both regions. The Council also examined the causes of conflict in Africa and ways to promote peace and security in order to prevent further hostilities, as did the General Assembly. The Secretary-General also sent a multidisciplinary mission to countries in the Great Lakes region in a renewed effort to move the peace process forward and to investigate the possibility of a comprehensive and integrated approach to peace, security and development. The mission found that the crisis of governance and widespread poverty were the two main underlying causes of conflict in that region.

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