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Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2011

image of Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2011
This review is biennially produced by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). It describes the environment within which the transport sector is developing and the principal challenges that this environment poses to governments, the transport industry and society at large. The publication also focuses on tracing the significant development of roads, railways, shipping, ports, inland waterways and air transport industries and infrastructure in the region. In addition, it considers the changing delivery mechanisms across all transport sectors and discusses urban transport issues. Finally, the review examines the process of globalization, trade agreements related to transport, regionalism, collocation of production transport facilities, as well as intermodal transport systems.

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Maritime ports and developments in shipping

Figure IV-1 shows worldwide growth in maritime and container trade volumes over the period 1985 to 2010. In both cases, volumes dropped sharply in 2009 as the impact of the Global Financial Crisis made itself felt in the real economy, but recovered in 2010 to pre-crisis levels. Total international maritime trade volumes grew at an average of 3.3 per cent per annum over the period 1985 to 2010, with the result that by 2010 total seaborne trade more than doubled 1985 volumes. Containerized cargoes have grown at an annual average rate of 8.8 per cent over that same period, resulting in more than an eight-fold increase in containerized cargo movements. Data compiled by UNCTAD suggests that in 2009, the developing economies of Asia accounted for 39 per cent of the total volume of maritime cargo loaded, and 40 per cent of the maritime cargo discharged (Figure IV-2).

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