Transport and Decentralisation

image of Transport and Decentralisation

Over the past decades, many OECD countries' transport sectors have become more decentralised.  This report examines whether the economic benefits and experiences of decentralisation have been positive.  It finds that the answers vary according to the mode of transport, the type of decentralisation, and transport users' representation in the process of decision-making.

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Subsidiarity and transport policy co-ordination in the european union

European Conference of Ministers of Transport

The concept of “subsidiarity” is defined as the principle according to which decisions should be taken at the lowest decision-making level possible, given the objective pursued. For pricing policy in the transport sector, subsidiarity is understood to mean that while, for example, levying charges and taxes on heavy goods vehicles is within the competence of the European Union (EU) because such vehicles compete in an international market, determining the principles for an urban pricing scheme is best dealt with by national or local authorities. As regards transport infrastructure policy, it is stated in the EC Treaty that the Union would not be able to take decisions on projects without the agreement of the Member State concerned. It should, however, be noted that subsidiarity is not a static notion but it evolves with time; transport policy having been brought into the discussion only in 1996 under the Maastricht Treaty.

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