1887

The Cost and Effectiveness of Policies to Reduce Vehicle Emissions

image of The Cost and Effectiveness of Policies to Reduce Vehicle Emissions

Transport sector policies already contribute to moderating greenhouse gas emissions from road vehicles. They are increasingly designed to contribute to overall societal targets to mitigate climate change. While abatement costs in transport are relatively high, there are plausible arguments in favour of further abatement in this sector. The empirical basis to decide upon combinations of fuel economy standards and fuel taxes, however, remains weak. This Round Table investigates the effectiveness and costs of various mitigation options in road transport, and discusses the distribution of abatement efforts across sectors of the economy.

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How Should Transport Emissions Be Reduced? Potential for Emissions Trading Systems

International Transport Forum

In developed countries, transport generates approximately 25-30% of emissions of CO2, the main greenhouse gas (GHG), and these emissions are increasing sharply. There are two explanations for the increase in emissions from transport: the first is dependency on the internal combustion engine for transport with no wide-scale, economically viable alternative available in the medium term; the second is the sharp increase in vehicle-kilometres travelled, which seems to be an inherent feature of economic development.

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