1887

Privatisation and Regulation of Urban Transit Systems

image of Privatisation and Regulation of Urban Transit Systems
Urban public transport services generally run at a large deficit. This has led public authorities to seek efficiencies, notably through private sector involvement. Support for the sector traditionally seeks to provide basic mobility services to all segments of society, including low-income users. Intervention is also required to manage the natural tendency towards concentration and market power in the provision of these transport services. Policy towards urban public transport is increasingly aimed at managing congestion on the roads and mitigating CO2 emissions by substituting for travel by car. 

Achieving coherent transport networks that are efficient and financially sustainable is a challenge for any public authority. This Round Table examines experience in integrating private management and capital with public transport policy objectives in a number of developed economies. For network operators, the Round Table concludes that innovation is the key to surviving the rapidly changing policy and regulatory environment.

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Towards a Reform of Urban Transit Systems: Topics for Action

International Transport Forum

The concept of “urban living” encompasses a number of interrelated dimensions, among which: population size and density; spatial, economic and social organisation; the variety of functions and institutional interactions; the social values of the population or degree of “civility” (often also referred to as “urbanism”), etc. In addition, the spread of inter-urban connectivity, that is to say, the growing conurbation effect over the past few decades, has made it necessary to redefine the concept in order to emphasize interactions and functional relations instead of geo-morphological criteria. As reported by Hall (1969, pp. 408-435) and Hart (2003, pp. 102-123), much of the movement that a few decades ago was considered at the regional level is now viewed in terms of growth in urban agglomerations which, in some cases, can even cross national boundaries, as in the case of urban areas between Belgium and The Netherlands or between France, Germany and Switzerland.

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