1887

Drugs and Driving

Detection and Deterrence

image of Drugs and Driving

Driving while impaired by drugs – whether licit or illicit – has emerged as an important road safety issue. This report provides a state-of-the-art review of the role and impact of drugs in road accident risk. It reviews the legislation, deterrence and roadside detection practices in member countries as well as preventative measures to combat drug use while driving. It provides recommendations on strategies to adopt in addressing this issue, with a view to contributing to a safe system approach and saving further lives on the roads.

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The Effects of Drugs on Safe Driving Performance

International Transport Forum

This chapter discusses the scientific evidence that provides the basis for our understanding of drug effects on driving performance. The evidence on the drug effects on driving skills will be assessed across three domains: strategic/analytic (i.e. higher-order cognitive functions such as planning, judgement); manoeuvring (e.g. lane-changing, merging, speed adjustments); and, vehicle control (e.g. tracking, reaction time). It also provides an assessment of the pharmacological effects in relation to driving skills and documents the relationship between blood toxicology findings and impairment.

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