Drugs and Driving

Detection and Deterrence

image of Drugs and Driving

Driving while impaired by drugs – whether licit or illicit – has emerged as an important road safety issue. This report provides a state-of-the-art review of the role and impact of drugs in road accident risk. It reviews the legislation, deterrence and roadside detection practices in member countries as well as preventative measures to combat drug use while driving. It provides recommendations on strategies to adopt in addressing this issue, with a view to contributing to a safe system approach and saving further lives on the roads.

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Legislation, Enforcement and Prevention

International Transport Forum

This section provides a review and discussion of legislative and enforcement policies and practices in OECD/ITF countries. In particular, it examines the two primary legislative approaches to controlling drug use by drivers – per se and behavioural/impairment – and provides practical examples of the implementation of these laws in Australia. In addition, this section will review approaches to enforcement (e.g. targeted, random), drug testing (e.g. oral fluid, urine, blood), and the distinction (if any) made between the use of illicit substances and prescription medications. A discussion of primary prevention initiatives is also provided.

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