Trends in Trade in Counterfeit and Pirated Goods

image of Trends in Trade in Counterfeit and Pirated Goods

This study examines the value, scope and trends of trade in counterfeit and pirated goods. First, it presents the overall scale of this trade and discusses which parts of the economy are particularly at risk. Next, it looks at the main economies of origin of fakes in global trade. Finally, it analyses recent trends in terms of changing modes of shipment and the evolution of trade flows.



Methodological notes

In order to distinguish fake products counterfeiters intended to sell on the primary market from those intended for sale on the secondary market, the price gap between both types of counterfeits is calculated. For each seizure specified in the WCO and DG TAXUD databases, customs authorities report the infringed trademark, the declared value of goods, the quantity seized and the product’s HS code. This allows the unit value of each seized “product type-brand” pair to be determined (brand would include the associated trademark or patent). These unit values can then serve as a proxy for the retail prices of fake goods.


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