OECD Trade Policy Papers

This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected trade policy studies prepared for use within the OECD.

NB. No. 1 to No. 139 were released under the previous series title OECD Trade Policy Working Papers.


Transparency Mechanisms and Non-Tariff Measures

Case Studies

Lack of regulatory transparency is a major and recurrent obstacle for businesses seeking to trade internationally. This study finds that transparency mechanisms applied at different stages of the design, finalisation and implementation of domestic regulation have allowed countries to reduce administrative burdens, generate savings both for the administration and for the private sector and maintain a relation of confidence conducive to a smoother enforcement of related policies. They have also helped them enhance the readability of laws and regulations and the predictability of their enforcement (thus further reducing indirect business costs), and prevent potential frictions with trading partners. The resulting improvements in terms of potential business costs can strongly influence the attractiveness of the country for foreign investors.


Keywords: transparency, regulation, administrative burdens, public consultation, market access, regulatory impact assessment, non-tariff measures
JEL: H83: Public Economics / Miscellaneous Issues / Public Administration; Public Sector Accounting and Audits; F13: International Economics / Trade / Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations; L51: Industrial Organization / Regulation and Industrial Policy / Economics of Regulation; F14: International Economics / Trade / Empirical Studies of Trade
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