Services and Goods Exports from the Nordics

Strongholds and profiles of exporting enterprises

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The publication Services and Goods Exports from the Nordics – Strongholds and profiles of exporting enterprises analyses the exports of services and goods from the Nordic countries and profiles the exporting enterprises. The report addresses issues such as: What are the strongholds of the Nordic countries, both in terms of the type of exported services and goods and in terms of geographical markets? New data profile for the first time the services trading enterprises in a comparative analysis across the Nordics. How have exporting enterprises performing compared to non-exporting enterprises since the crisis in terms of employment and value added creation? What is the importance of multinationals for the exports from the Nordic countries? The analysis identify the importance of true SMEs compared to SMEs belonging to larger groups and identify the born globals and analyse their survival rate and employment creation compared to other non-exporting newly born enterprises.



International trade in services in the Nordic countries

In all the Nordic countries, services constitute a large and growing part of Nordic countries’ global trade. Unfortunately, we still know relatively little about trade in services in general and about the enterprises that engage in service trade in particular. This is primarily due to the lack of data on trade in services compared with trade in goods. Whereas trade in goods statistics are based on near-complete customs data (and equally near-complete intra-EU survey data), statistics on trade in services are based on smaller sample surveys. In addition, trade in services is collected using only about 60 different service categories compared to the more than 9.000 goods categories. Furthermore, whereas the methodological approach to international trade in goods statistics is harmonised across most countries, different methodological approaches are applied in relation to services trade – even between comparatively similar economies such as the Nordic countries.


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