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Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

image of Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods, such as threatened wildlife, timber, hazardous waste, and ozone-depleting substances, has been a long-standing issue in the international trade and environment agenda.  The nature of such illegal trade makes it difficult to fully understand its extent and impact on the environment.  Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives.  In this report, evidence-based on customs data and information from licensing schemes is used to document the scale of illegal trade, as well as the economic and environmental impacts of such trade.  National and international policies have an important role to play in regulating  and reducing illegal trade and the report highlights a range of measures that can be taken at both levels.

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Foreword

The objective of this report is to provide an overview of the economic and policy issues involved in illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods and to highlight a set of key policy messages for OECD and non-OECD governments. The work has been overseen by the OECD Joint Working Party on Trade and the Environment (JWPTE).

English

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