Environmental Requirements and Market Access

image of Environmental Requirements and Market Access

Investigating over twenty cases where exports from developing countries faced new environmental requirements, this OECD report examines how environmental requirements can be trade barriers for developing countries. These case studies, covering a diverse number of products and exporting countries, trace a number of environmental regulations, standards and labelling schemes, from conception through implementation. In so doing, they highlight the difference that sensitivity to potential trade effects can make when designing environmental regulations and standards. They also show that timely technical assistance has played a crucial role in helping exporters from developing countries adjust to new environmental requirements without suffering adverse trade effects.

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Private Certification of a Fishery as Sustainable

This chapter describes the development of a voluntary, third-party certification scheme based on standards for sustainable fishing practices. First proposed by an environmental group and a large corporation, the scheme has gradually gained supporters through its efforts to inform the various stakeholders and convince the fishing industry of the value of certification, which requires abiding by a set of principles and criteria and gives the right to use the scheme’s logo.

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